Pearls are naturally occurring precious substances, which come from the deep sea. Due to their features like purity, lustre, availability in a wide range of colours, and easy cleaning & maintenance, people started using these precious jewels in making jewellery items. The pearls we obtain naturally occur as freshwater and saltwater pearls.
The variety of colours, shapes, and sizes makes the pearls the most versatile among the gemstones. Although the pearls usually appear as white, we can also find them in a remarkable ray of colours. We can find natural, cultured, and imitation pearls, and all of these appear in a wide range of colours. According to their core body colour, the overtones offer additional colour to their appearance.
The colour of pearl categorically influences its price; uniform colour adds value to the stone. Pearls of body-colour with elegant overtones are more expensive than the duller ones. Let's find out more about the different colour patterns of pearls.
Golden pearls are beautiful and expensive. We can usually find them at the wedding jewellery collections. The south sea pearl oyster can produce golden pearls having a size up to 20 mm in diameter.
Black pearls are rarer than white pearls. The land of Tahiti produces a large number of black pearls. So people also call them Tahitian pearls. The black pearls may have overtones of grey, black, or brown, and various colours.
The white pearl is the most common pearl that we can find on earth. The pearls' diameter can be as small as 1mm, and the largest can reach up to 20 mm. White pearl is also a vital part of jewellery that adds the wearer's value during special functions like wedding, engagement, etc. We can classify these pearls as White Akoya, White South Sea and White Freshwater Pearls.
Natural and cultured White Akoya Pearl
You can find these in the US and the other western countries. We can culture these pearls from the Akoya oyster. They appear in white or cream colour with the overtones of different colours.
Freshwater mussels, a rare category of pearls, produce pink pearls of natural colour. The most common overtones of pink and peach pearls appear as green, rose, and blue.
Chocolate Pearl / Brown Pearls
Brown pearls are quite popular in our time and are very rare. This colour creation is brought in by carrying out precise colour treatments like bleaching and dying. You can find them with gold, rose, and green overtones.
For pearls, lavender is a naturally occurring colour and so will not fade. The usually seen overtones are aquamarine and green. White gold jewellery, along with lavender pearl ornaments, will be a perfect choice for parties.
Blue pearl is a popular category gemstone. True blue pearls have a unique appearance. You can find a good range of blues like sky blue to dark midnight blue, aquamarine, etc. Rose and Violet are the generally seen overtones of blue pearls.
Apart from their naturally occurring colour, we can add different colours to the pearls through colour treatments like dying, polishing, bleaching, irradiating, etc. The pearl cultivators usually carry out these treatments in the case of cultured pearls, rather than natural pearls.