Diamonds are made up of pure carbon atoms that exist deep in the ground, exposed to intense heat and pressure over billions
of years. Over time, this pressure builds up and forces the diamonds and rocks up toward the surface in a volcanic-like
explosion. The explosion creates a very deep, wide hole called a “pipe” into which most of the diamonds settle;
these deposits of diamonds are known as primary deposits. Other diamonds are washed away by water or erosion, and
often settle into the coastal waters of nearby bodies of water; these are alluvial deposits. These deposits occur
in many places around the globe; however, the largest commercial deposits exist in Angola, Australia, Botswana,
Namibia, South Africa, Russia and Zaire, which produce 80% of the world’s diamonds.