Amethyst is a semi precious gem belonging to the quartz family. The color of an amethyst stone can be anything ranging from a light pinkish-violet to a deep purple. Amethyst stones have a glassy luster. They may be transparent to translucent in appearance. Mohs scale rates them at number 7, which means they are high on hardness and are scratch resistant. Amethysts are therefore used for carving ornamental masterpieces. Amethyst stones are found in abundance in Siberia, Sri Lanka, Brazil, South Korea etc. The largest opencast amethyst vein is assumed to be one kilometer in length, and is situated in Maissaw, Lower Austria. Apart from the natural stones, lab-grown amethysts are also popular due to their cheap prices. The finest amethyst comes from Africa and South America.
The price of amethyst stones depend upon their color, cut, clarity and carat. The price range falls anywhere between INR 200 to INR 900 per carat. Amethysts with a transparent deep purple hue are the costliest amethyst stones. The posh purple color of amethysts has helped them secure a place even in royal crowns. Common men adorn this purple beauty in the form of rings, pendants, necklaces, brooches, earrings etc. A wide variety of decorative pieces studded with this stone are available in the market. These bring an element of royalty and antiquity to our homes. The Greeks used to wear jewelry made of amethyst stones. They carved these stones into drinking vessels because they believed that amethyst prevented intoxication. The present day astrologers believe this stone to be a natural stress buster and advise to adorn it in the middle finger of the right hand. It is considered to be the birthstone of people born in February and March, who fall under the zodiac sign ‘Pisces’. Amethyst stones are extremely beautiful and should be taken care of properly. Prolonged exposure to sunlight may fade their color.